The proposal covers illegal access to and interference with information systems, which includes electronic networks, computers and other devices connected to the networks
How It Works
The Decision creates a common set of legal definitions and criminal offences across the EU for these activities. Member States are required to have available a maximum penalty of between 1 and 3 years of imprisonment for offences involving interference with information systems and computer data, and a maximum penalty of between 2 and 5 years of imprisonment when the offences are committed in the framework of a criminal organisation. The Decision also contains provisions on legal persons and jurisdiction.
Member States are also required to join the so-called “24/7 Network” of operational points of contact for high-tech crime available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, for the purposes of exchanging information on attacks against information systems.
Cybersquatting, Spam and Other Crime
The Commission has also focused on other illegal Internet-related acts:
Boosting Internet Security is an eEurope 2005 policy priority, and involves the creation of the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA), designed to increase co-operation and information exchange between different stake holders in the Member States and contribute to a higher level of information security on the internal market.
Privacy and Spam: the directive on Privacy and Electronic Communications, part of the new ecommunications regulatory framework:
protects people’s privacy in the Information Society
bans spam by ensuring Member States impose an ‘opt-in’ regime
(read the press release);
Cybersquatting: when individuals or companies buy up Internet domain names with a view to reselling them at high prices to individuals or organisations with legitimate interests or connections to the name. The Commission is considering developing rules to address cybersquatting in the .eu top level domain.